broom
summarizes key information about models in tidy tibble()
s. broom
provides three verbs to make it convenient to interact with model objects:
tidy()
summarizes information about model componentsglance()
reports information about the entire modelaugment()
adds informations about observations to a datasetFor a detailed introduction, please see vignette("broom")
.
broom
tidies 100+ models from popular modelling packages and almost all of the model objects in the stats
package that comes with base R. vignette("available-methods")
lists method availability.
If you aren’t familiar with tidy data structures and want to know how they can make your life easier, we highly recommend reading Hadley Wickham’s Tidy Data.
# we recommend installing the entire tidyverse # modeling set, which includes broom: install.packages("tidymodels") # alternatively, to install just broom: install.packages("broom") # to get the development version from GitHub: install.packages("devtools") devtools::install_github("tidymodels/broom")
If you find a bug, please file a minimal reproducible example in the issues.
tidy()
produces a tibble()
where each row contains information about an important component of the model. For regression models, this often corresponds to regression coefficients. This is can be useful if you want to inspect a model or create custom visualizations.
library(broom) fit <- lm(Volume ~ Girth + Height, trees) tidy(fit) #> # A tibble: 3 x 5 #> term estimate std.error statistic p.value #> <chr> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> #> 1 (Intercept) -58.0 8.64 -6.71 2.75e- 7 #> 2 Girth 4.71 0.264 17.8 8.22e-17 #> 3 Height 0.339 0.130 2.61 1.45e- 2
glance()
returns a tibble with exactly one row of goodness of fitness measures and related statistics. This is useful to check for model misspecification and to compare many models.
glance(fit) #> # A tibble: 1 x 12 #> r.squared adj.r.squared sigma statistic p.value df logLik AIC BIC #> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> #> 1 0.948 0.944 3.88 255. 1.07e-18 2 -84.5 177. 183. #> # … with 3 more variables: deviance <dbl>, df.residual <int>, nobs <int>
augment
adds columns to a dataset, containing information such as fitted values, residuals or cluster assignments. All columns added to a dataset have .
prefix to prevent existing columns from being overwritten.
augment(fit, data = trees) #> # A tibble: 31 x 9 #> Girth Height Volume .fitted .resid .std.resid .hat .sigma .cooksd #> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> #> 1 8.3 70 10.3 4.84 5.46 1.50 0.116 3.79 0.0978 #> 2 8.6 65 10.3 4.55 5.75 1.60 0.147 3.77 0.148 #> 3 8.8 63 10.2 4.82 5.38 1.53 0.177 3.78 0.167 #> 4 10.5 72 16.4 15.9 0.526 0.140 0.0592 3.95 0.000409 #> 5 10.7 81 18.8 19.9 -1.07 -0.294 0.121 3.95 0.00394 #> 6 10.8 83 19.7 21.0 -1.32 -0.370 0.156 3.94 0.00840 #> 7 11 66 15.6 16.2 -0.593 -0.162 0.115 3.95 0.00114 #> 8 11 75 18.2 19.2 -1.05 -0.277 0.0515 3.95 0.00138 #> 9 11.1 80 22.6 21.4 1.19 0.321 0.0920 3.95 0.00348 #> 10 11.2 75 19.9 20.2 -0.288 -0.0759 0.0480 3.95 0.0000968 #> # … with 21 more rows
We welcome contributions of all types!
For questions and discussions about tidymodels packages, modeling, and machine learning, please post on RStudio Community. If you think you have encountered a bug, please submit an issue. Either way, learn how to create and share a reprex (a minimal, reproducible example), to clearly communicate about your code. Check out further details on contributing guidelines for tidymodels packages and how to get help.
If you have never directly contributed to an R package before, broom
is an excellent place to start. Find an issue with the Beginner Friendly tag and comment that you’d like to take it on and we’ll help you get started.
Generally, too, we encourage typo corrections, bug reports, bug fixes and feature requests. Feedback on the clarity of the documentation is especially valuable!
If you are interested in adding tidier methods for new model objects, please read this article on the tidymodels website.
We have a Contributor Code of Conduct. By participating in broom
you agree to abide by its terms.